Acne or pimple is a skin condition, which occurs due to the blockade of pilosebaceous unit/oil glands. It can present with one or more of the following:

  1. Blackheads
  2. Whiteheads
  3. Red pimples
  4. Pus-filled papules/small bumps
  5. Deep and painful nodules or cysts

Acne usually starts around the teenage. However, it can also start later in life. Acne is a multifactorial disease the most important being the surge of sex hormones at puberty, which activate the sebum production in the oil glands leading to its blockage. Other contributing factors include genetics, excess sebum production, inflammation, hormonal fluctuations, stress, lifestyle, and skincare habits. Acne can appear on the face, forehead, chest, back and shoulders.

Acne usually comes and goes by itself. However, if not treated on time, it can lead to permanent scarring and pigmentation.

To prevent acne scars, it is advised to start treatment early and keep acne under control.



Management of acne will include a skincare routine, and anti-acne topical medications. Depending on the stage and cause of acne, oral antibiotics or retinoids may need to be taken. In females having acne due to hormonal changes, treatment might differ.

Apart from creams and oral medications, some procedures can be done too, like:

  1. Comedone extraction- black heads and whiteheads are removed under sterile conditions and with proper technique so that scarring and inflammation don’t occur.
  2. Chemical peels: Depending on your acne and skin type, the best suitable chemical peel is chosen. Various chemical peels include Salicylic acid peel, glycolic acid peel, retinoic acid peel or combination peels.
  3. Light therapy: Has been tried with some success
  4. Microneedling radiofrequency/ MNRF: MNRF is shown to reduce the sebum production and size of sebaceous glands. It helps in the treatment of acne as well as acne scars.